Geboren wurde Martin Luther King jr. als Michael King am Januar in Atlanta, Georgia. Als Michael fünf Jahre alt war, reiste sein Vater, Michael King sr.. „Wir werden nicht zu Gewalt greifen. Wir werden uns nicht vom Hass entwürdigen lassen. Liebe wird nicht mit Hass vergolten werden.“ (Dr. Martin Luther King. Der Bürgerrechtler Martin Luther King Junior kämpfte friedlich gegen die Rassentrennung in den USA. Bis heute ist seine Rede "I have a dream" weltweit.
Martin Luther King"Wenn wir nicht lernen, miteinander als Brüder zu leben, werden wir als Narren miteinander untergehen." Martin Luther King, der bedeutendste Anführer der. Martin Luther King - "I have a dream " Michael Luther King (* Januar in Atlanta, Georgia; † 4. April in Memphis, Tennessee) war ein. Martin Luther King Jr. (* Januar in Atlanta, Georgia als Michael King Jr.; † 4. April in Memphis, Tennessee) war ein US-amerikanischer.
Martin Luhter King Early years VideoMartin Luther King: Kämpfer gegen Rassismus Martin Luther King III (born October 23, ) is an American human rights advocate. As the oldest son and oldest living child of civil rights leaders Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King, King served as the 4th President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference from . Martin Luther King Jr., né à Atlanta (Géorgie) le 15 janvier et mort assassiné le 4 avril à Memphis (Tennessee), est un pasteur baptiste afro-américain, militant non-violent pour les droits civiques des Noirs aux États-Unis, pour la paix et contre la pauvreté.Occupation: Militant Des Droits de L'homme. Martin Luther King, Jr., född 15 januari i Atlanta i Georgia, död 4 april i Memphis i Tennessee (), var en amerikansk pastor, aktivist och framstående ledare inom afroamerikanska medborgarrättsrörelsen.  Han är mest känd som en symbol för utvecklingen av medborgerliga rättigheter i USA och runt om i världen, med hjälp av fredliga metoder efter Mahatma Gandhis .
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Besonders Washington D. April führte Coretta Scott King den von ihrem Mann geplanten Protestmarsch durch Memphis. Etwa Präsident Johnson wollte am selben Tag in einer Rede ein umfangreiches Hilfsprogramm für Schwarze in Aussicht stellen.
Da sich die Lage aber schon bald nach Kings Tod normalisiert hatte und der Kongress protestierte, wurde die Rede zuerst verschoben und dann gänzlich abgesetzt.
Der US-Kongress verabschiedete am April ein Gesetz für die Gleichberechtigung bei den Mietpreisen und beim Erwerb von Wohneigentum Civil Rights Act von ; auch Fair Housing Act genannt.
In Westberlin sollte am April auf dem South View Cemetery, einem Friedhof für Schwarze in Atlanta, beerdigt. Free at last! Endlich frei!
Dank sei Gott dem Allmächtigen, ich bin endlich frei! An einem Trauergottesdienst in der Kirche, in der er als Pfarrer tätig gewesen war, nahmen viele Prominente wie beispielsweise der damalige Vizepräsident Hubert H.
Humphrey , Senator Robert F. Kennedy , der republikanische Präsidentschaftskandidat Richard Nixon und der New Yorker Gouverneur Nelson Rockefeller teil.
Vor dem Eingang des gegenüberliegenden Motels wurde ein Remington-Gewehr mit den Fingerabdrücken von James Earl Ray gefunden, das die Behörden als Tatwaffe einstuften und das Ray auf seiner Flucht fallen gelassen haben soll.
Das FBI und Sachverständige konnte damals nur bestätigen, dass der tödliche Schuss aus einer Waffe diesen Typs abgegeben wurde.
Die ballistischen Untersuchungsmethoden waren damals jedoch noch nicht ausgereift genug, um das verwendete Projektil einer konkreten Schusswaffe zuordnen zu können.
Wenige Tage später widerrief er jedoch sein Geständnis. Seit dem Attentat verstummten jedoch nie die Gerüchte über eine Verschwörung durch die amerikanische Regierung, die CIA, das FBI, die Mafia oder militante Vietnamkriegsbefürworter.
Zwei weitere, voneinander unabhängige ballistische Untersuchungen wollen ergeben haben, dass weder schlüssig bewiesen werden konnte, dass die gefundene Waffe eine Remington Gamemaster, Modell , Kaliber tatsächlich die Tatwaffe ist, noch dass Ray sie abgefeuert hatte.
Eine erneute, monatige Untersuchung des Justizministeriums im Jahr wies die Ergebnisse dieses Zivilverfahrens zurück, da sie auf Hörensagen und voreingenommenen Zeugen basiere.
Zwar gebe es für eine Verschwörung keine Beweise, es seien allerdings auch nicht alle Ungereimtheiten des Falles restlos aufgeklärt.
Pepper, der Rechtsanwalt des angeblichen Täters, nach jahrzehntelangen Recherchen das Buch Orders to Kill: The Truth Behind the Murder of Martin Luther King.
The execution of Martin Luther King. Es erschien im gleichen Jahr in einer deutschen Übersetzung Die Hinrichtung des Martin Luther King — Wie die amerikanische Staatsgewalt ihren Gegner zum Schweigen brachte.
King hatte ein auf gegenseitiger Feindseligkeit beruhendes Verhältnis zum FBI , der Hauptermittlungsbehörde des US-amerikanischen Justizministeriums.
Besonders der damalige FBI-Chef J. Edgar Hoover hegte starke Antipathien gegen den Bürgerrechtler. Das FBI begann , King und andere Funktionäre der SCLC zu beobachten.
Die Untersuchungen verliefen recht oberflächlich, bis man herausfand, dass einer von Kings engsten Beratern der New Yorker Anwalt Stanley Levison war.
Levison wurde vom FBI verdächtigt, mit der Kommunistischen Partei der USA zusammenzuarbeiten, was bei dem damals weit verbreiteten Antikommunismus ein Warnsignal für die Bundesbehörde bedeutete.
Das FBI platzierte daraufhin Abhörgeräte in Levisons und Kings Zuhause sowie an deren Bürotelefonen und verwanzte auch die Hotelzimmer von King auf seinen Reisen durch die USA.
Es wurden auch der damalige Präsident Kennedy und der damalige General-Bundesanwalt Robert F. Kennedy informiert, die beide erfolglos versuchten, King davon zu überzeugen, sich von Levison zu trennen.
Der Schwarzen-Führer wies immer alle Vorwürfe, er hätte Kontakt zu Kommunisten , unnachgiebig zurück. Führer einiger Schwarzen-Organisationen erwiderten daraufhin, dass oftmals fehlende Bildung und Arbeitsplätze, Diskriminierung und Gewalt die Gründe für die Stärke der Bürgerrechtsbewegung seien und dass die Schwarzen die Intelligenz und Motivation hätten, sich autonom zu organisieren.
Später konzentrierte sich das FBI darauf, King durch Enthüllungen in Bezug auf sein Privatleben in Verruf zu bringen.
Berichte über solche Vorkommnisse wurden auch von Kings Weggefährten inklusive seines engen Freundes Ralph Abernathy zur Verfügung gestellt. Das FBI verteilte diese Ermittlungsergebnisse an die Exekutive , freundlich gesinnte Journalisten, potenzielle Koalitionspartner, Geldquellen des SCLC und Kings Familie.
Es wurden auch anonyme Briefe an King versendet, in denen gedroht wurde, dass private Informationen veröffentlicht würden, wenn er nicht seine bürgerrechtliche Arbeit einstelle.
Allerdings wurden Teile der Dokumente zuvor öffentlich, weil US-Präsident Donald Trump angeordnet hatte Regierungsdokumente mit Bezug auf die Ermordung von John F.
Kennedy zu publizieren. Der Historiker David Garrow, der auch eine Biographie zu Martin Luther King publiziert hat, wertete diese aus und fasste sie in einem Beitrag für das britische Magazin Standpoint zusammen.
Demnach hielt das FBI fest, dass King Orgien gefeiert, Prostituierte frequentiert und bei einer Vergewaltigung zugeschaut habe.
März , acht Tage vor seinem Tod, endete in Memphis eine von King angeführte Demonstration zum ersten Mal in Krawallen, Plünderungen und Bränden, die Polizei setzte Tränengas ein.
Auch während des tödlichen Attentats auf King wurde dieser durch Beamte des FBI observiert. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add a pre-selected message and a cool badge.
MOST POPULAR. See all. Martin Luther King, Jr. Som baptistpastor blev King en medborgarrättskämpe tidigt i sin karriär. Kings ansträngningar ledde till marschen till Washington där King levererade sitt " I Have a Dream "-tal.
King mördades den 4 april i Memphis, Tennessee. Han tilldelades Frihetsmedaljen [ 15 ] och Kongressens guldmedalj postumt. Kyrkan hade en stor roll i familjen Kings barns uppväxt.
Men en dag skickade de vita pojkarnas mor hem King med budskapet: "Pojkarna kan inte leka med King mera, och han kan inte komma undan längre".
Detta eftersom de var för gamla, och segregationspolitiken började ta fart i deras liv. Han fortsatte sedan studierna vid Crozer Theological Seminary i Chester i Pennsylvania , där han tog en teologie kandidatexamen B.
Div De fick fyra barn: Yolanda King f. Det var vid detta tillfälle som han odödliggjordes som talare genom det tal han höll vid Lincolnmonumentet i Washington, D.
While King was brought up in a Baptist home, King grew skeptical of some of Christianity 's claims as he entered adolescence. In high school, King became known for his public-speaking ability, with a voice which had grown into an orotund baritone.
Especially since he was crazy about dances, and just about the best jitterbug in town. On April 13, , in his junior year , King gave his first public speech during an oratorical contest , sponsored by the Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World in Dublin, Georgia.
The finest negro is at the mercy of the meanest white man. Even winners of our highest honors face the class color bar.
It was the angriest I have ever been in my life. During King's junior year in high school, Morehouse College —an all-male historically black college which King's father and maternal grandfather had attended   —began accepting high school juniors who passed the school's entrance examination.
In the summer before King started his freshman year at Morehouse, he boarded a train with his friend—Emmett "Weasel" Proctor—and a group of other Morehouse College students to work in Simsbury, Connecticut at the tobacco farm of Cullman Brothers Tobacco a cigar business.
After we passed Washington there was no discrimination at all. The white people here are very nice. We go to any place we want to and sit any where we want to.
He played freshman football there. The summer before his last year at Morehouse, in , the year-old King chose to enter the ministry.
Throughout his time in college, King studied under the mentorship of its president, Baptist minister Benjamin Mays , who he would later credit with being his "spiritual mentor.
King enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary in Upland, Pennsylvania. Pius Barbour , a family friend who pastored at Calvary Baptist Church in nearby Chester, Pennsylvania.
Proctor who both went on to become well-known preachers in the black church. While attending Crozer, King was joined by Walter McCall, a former classmate at Morehouse.
King became fond of the street because a classmate had an aunt who prepared collard greens for them, which they both relished.
King once reproved another student for keeping beer in his room, saying they had shared responsibility as African Americans to bear "the burdens of the Negro race.
The woman had been involved with a professor prior to her relationship with King. King planned to marry her, but friends advised against it, saying that an interracial marriage would provoke animosity from both blacks and whites, potentially damaging his chances of ever pastoring a church in the South.
King tearfully told a friend that he could not endure his mother's pain over the marriage and broke the relationship off six months later.
He continued to have lingering feelings toward the woman he left; one friend was quoted as saying, "He never recovered. In , King began doctoral studies in systematic theology at Boston University.
William Hunter Hester. Hester was an old friend of King's father, and was an important influence on King. The young men often held bull sessions in their various apartments, discussing theology, sermon style, and social issues.
King attended philosophy classes at Harvard University as an audit student in and At the age of 25 in , King was called as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
Brightman and, upon the latter's death, by Lotan Harold DeWolf titled A Comparison of the Conceptions of God in the Thinking of Paul Tillich and Henry Nelson Wieman.
An academic inquiry in October concluded that portions of his doctoral dissertation had been plagiarized and he had acted improperly. However, "[d]espite its finding, the committee said that 'no thought should be given to the revocation of Dr.
King's doctoral degree,' an action that the panel said would serve no purpose. While studying at Boston University, he asked a friend from Atlanta named Mary Powell, who was a student at the New England Conservatory of Music , if she knew any nice Southern girls.
Powell asked fellow student Coretta Scott if she was interested in meeting a Southern friend studying divinity.
Scott was not interested in dating preachers, but eventually agreed to allow Martin to telephone her based on Powell's description and vouching.
On their first phone call, King told Scott "I am like Napoleon at Waterloo before your charms," to which she replied "You haven't even met me.
After the second date, King was certain Scott possessed the qualities he sought in a wife. She had been an activist at Antioch in undergrad, where Carol and Rod Serling were schoolmates.
King married Coretta Scott on June 18, , on the lawn of her parents' house in her hometown of Heiberger, Alabama.
In December , after being based in Montgomery for five years, King announced his return to Atlanta at the request of the SCLC.
In March , Claudette Colvin —a fifteen-year-old black schoolgirl in Montgomery—refused to give up her bus seat to a white man in violation of Jim Crow laws , local laws in the Southern United States that enforced racial segregation.
King was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American community that looked into the case; E. Nixon and Clifford Durr decided to wait for a better case to pursue because the incident involved a minor.
Nine months later on December 1, , a similar incident occurred when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat on a city bus.
Gayle that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. In , King, Ralph Abernathy , Fred Shuttlesworth , Joseph Lowery , and other civil rights activists founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC.
The group was created to harness the moral authority and organizing power of black churches to conduct nonviolent protests in the service of civil rights reform.
The group was inspired by the crusades of evangelist Billy Graham , who befriended King,  as well as the national organizing of the group In Friendship, founded by King allies Stanley Levison and Ella Baker.
Harris , Walter E. Fauntroy , C. Vivian , Andrew Young , The Freedom Singers , Cleveland Robinson , Randolph Blackwell , Annie Bell Robinson Devine , Charles Kenzie Steele , Alfred Daniel Williams King , Benjamin Hooks , Aaron Henry and Bayard Rustin.
Harry Wachtel joined King's legal advisor Clarence B. Jones in defending four ministers of the SCLC in the libel case New York Times Co.
Sullivan ; the case was litigated in reference to the newspaper advertisement " Heed Their Rising Voices ". Wachtel founded a tax-exempt fund to cover the expenses of the suit and to assist the nonviolent civil rights movement through a more effective means of fundraising.
This organization was named the "Gandhi Society for Human Rights. He was displeased with the pace that President Kennedy was using to address the issue of segregation.
In , King and the Gandhi Society produced a document that called on the President to follow in the footsteps of Abraham Lincoln and issue an executive order to deliver a blow for civil rights as a kind of Second Emancipation Proclamation.
Kennedy did not execute the order. The FBI was under written directive from Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy when it began tapping King's telephone line in the fall of He warned King to discontinue these associations and later felt compelled to issue the written directive that authorized the FBI to wiretap King and other SCLC leaders.
Edgar Hoover feared the civil rights movement and investigated the allegations of communist infiltration. King believed that organized, nonviolent protest against the system of southern segregation known as Jim Crow laws would lead to extensive media coverage of the struggle for black equality and voting rights.
Journalistic accounts and televised footage of the daily deprivation and indignities suffered by Southern blacks, and of segregationist violence and harassment of civil rights workers and marchers, produced a wave of sympathetic public opinion that convinced the majority of Americans that the civil rights movement was the most important issue in American politics in the early s.
King organized and led marches for blacks' right to vote , desegregation , labor rights , and other basic civil rights.
The SCLC put into practice the tactics of nonviolent protest with great success by strategically choosing the methods and places in which protests were carried out.
There were often dramatic stand-offs with segregationist authorities, who sometimes turned violent. On September 20, , King was signing copies of his book Stride Toward Freedom in Blumstein's department store in Harlem  when he narrowly escaped death.
Izola Curry —a mentally ill black woman who thought that King was conspiring against her with communists—stabbed him in the chest with a letter opener, which nearly impinged on the aorta.
King received first aid by police officers Al Howard and Philip Romano. Cordice ; he remained hospitalized for several weeks.
Curry was later found mentally incompetent to stand trial. Georgia governor Ernest Vandiver expressed open hostility towards King's return to his hometown in late He claimed that "wherever M.
King, Jr. King was cited for "driving without a license" because he had not yet been issued a Georgia license. King's Alabama license was still valid, and Georgia law did not mandate any time limit for issuing a local license.
Meanwhile, the Atlanta Student Movement had been acting to desegregate businesses and public spaces in the city, organizing sit-ins from March onwards.
In August the movement asked King to participate in a mass October sit-in, timed to highlight how 's Presidential election campaign had ignored civil rights.
The coordinated day of action took place on October King participated in a sit-in at the restaurant inside Rich's , Atlanta's largest department store, and was among the many arrested that day.
The authorities released everyone over the next few days, except for King. Invoking his probationary plea deal, judge J. Oscar Mitchell sentenced King on October 25 to four months of hard labor.
Before dawn the next day, King was taken from his county jail cell and transported to a maximum-security state prison.
The arrest and harsh sentence drew nationwide attention. Many feared for King's safety, as he started a prison sentence with people convicted of violent crimes, many of them White and hostile to his activism.
Nixon, with whom King had a closer relationship prior to the sit-in, declined to make a statement despite a personal visit from Jackie Robinson requesting his intervention.
Nixon's opponent John F. Kennedy called the governor a Democrat directly, enlisted his brother Robert to exert more pressure on state authorities, and also, at the personal request of Sargent Shriver , made a phone call to King's wife to express his sympathy and offer his help.
The pressure from Kennedy and others proved effective, and King was released two days later. King's father decided to openly endorse Kennedy's candidacy for the November 8 election which he narrowly won.
After the October 19 sit-ins and following unrest, a day truce was declared in Atlanta for desegregation negotiations. However, the negotiations failed and sit-ins and boycotts resumed in full swing for several months.
On March 7, , a group of Black elders including King notified student leaders that a deal had been reached: the city's lunch counters would desegregate in fall , in conjunction with the court-mandated desegregation of schools.
In a large meeting March 10 at Warren Memorial Methodist Church, the audience was hostile and frustrated towards the elders and the compromise.
King then gave an impassioned speech calling participants to resist the "cancerous disease of disunity," and helping to calm tensions.
The Albany Movement was a desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia , in November In December, King and the SCLC became involved.
The movement mobilized thousands of citizens for a broad-front nonviolent attack on every aspect of segregation within the city and attracted nationwide attention.
When King first visited on December 15, , he "had planned to stay a day or so and return home after giving counsel. According to King, "that agreement was dishonored and violated by the city" after he left town.
Three days into his sentence, Police Chief Laurie Pritchett discreetly arranged for King's fine to be paid and ordered his release.
But for the first time, we witnessed being kicked out of jail. After nearly a year of intense activism with few tangible results, the movement began to deteriorate.
King requested a halt to all demonstrations and a "Day of Penance" to promote nonviolence and maintain the moral high ground.
Divisions within the black community and the canny, low-key response by local government defeated efforts. After Albany, King sought to choose engagements for the SCLC in which he could control the circumstances, rather than entering into pre-existing situations.
In April , the SCLC began a campaign against racial segregation and economic injustice in Birmingham, Alabama. The campaign used nonviolent but intentionally confrontational tactics, developed in part by Rev.
Wyatt Tee Walker. Black people in Birmingham, organizing with the SCLC, occupied public spaces with marches and sit-ins , openly violating laws that they considered unjust.
King's intent was to provoke mass arrests and "create a situation so crisis-packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation.
Over the concerns of an uncertain King, SCLC strategist James Bevel changed the course of the campaign by recruiting children and young adults to join in the demonstrations.
During the protests, the Birmingham Police Department, led by Eugene "Bull" Connor , used high-pressure water jets and police dogs against protesters, including children.
Footage of the police response was broadcast on national television news and dominated the nation's attention, shocking many white Americans and consolidating black Americans behind the movement.
In some cases, bystanders attacked the police, who responded with force. King and the SCLC were criticized for putting children in harm's way.
But the campaign was a success: Connor lost his job, the "Jim Crow" signs came down, and public places became more open to blacks. King's reputation improved immensely.
King was arrested and jailed early in the campaign—his 13th arrest  out of King argues that the crisis of racism is too urgent, and the current system too entrenched: "We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.
King, representing the SCLC , was among the leaders of the " Big Six " civil rights organizations who were instrumental in the organization of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom , which took place on August 28, The other leaders and organizations comprising the Big Six were Roy Wilkins from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ; Whitney Young , National Urban League ; A.
Philip Randolph , Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters ; John Lewis , SNCC ; and James L. Farmer Jr. Bayard Rustin 's open homosexuality, support of socialism , and his former ties to the Communist Party USA caused many white and African-American leaders to demand King distance himself from Rustin,  which King agreed to do.
Kennedy in changing the focus of the march. Kennedy initially opposed the march outright, because he was concerned it would negatively impact the drive for passage of civil rights legislation.
However, the organizers were firm that the march would proceed. President Kennedy was concerned the turnout would be less than , Therefore, he enlisted the aid of additional church leaders and Walter Reuther , president of the United Automobile Workers , to help mobilize demonstrators for the cause.
The march originally was conceived as an event to dramatize the desperate condition of blacks in the southern U. Organizers intended to denounce the federal government for its failure to safeguard the civil rights and physical safety of civil rights workers and blacks.
The group acquiesced to presidential pressure and influence, and the event ultimately took on a far less strident tone. At the time, it was the largest gathering of protesters in Washington, D.
King delivered a minute speech, later known as "I Have a Dream". I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream.
It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today. I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
The original typewritten copy of the speech, including King's handwritten notes on it, was discovered in to be in the hands of George Raveling , the first African-American basketball coach of the University of Iowa.
In , Raveling, then 26 years old, was standing near the podium, and immediately after the oration, impulsively asked King if he could have his copy of the speech, and he got it.
In March , King and the SCLC joined forces with Robert Hayling's then-controversial movement in St. Augustine, Florida.
Hayling's group had been affiliated with the NAACP but was forced out of the organization for advocating armed self-defense alongside nonviolent tactics.
However, the pacifist SCLC accepted them. Augustine , including a delegation of rabbis and the year-old mother of the governor of Massachusetts, all of whom were arrested.
During the course of this movement, the Civil Rights Act of was passed. On February 6, , King delivered the inaugural speech of a lecture series initiated at the New School called "The American Race Crisis.
In these remarks, King referred to a conversation he had recently had with Jawaharlal Nehru in which he compared the sad condition of many African Americans to that of India's untouchables.
He also discusses the next phase of the civil rights movement and integration. In December , King and the SCLC joined forces with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee SNCC in Selma , Alabama, where the SNCC had been working on voter registration for several months.
This injunction temporarily halted civil rights activity until King defied it by speaking at Brown Chapel on January 2, Acting on James Bevel 's call for a march from Selma to Montgomery, Bevel and other SCLC members, in partial collaboration with SNCC, attempted to organize a march to the state's capital.
The first attempt to march on March 7, , at which King was not present, was aborted because of mob and police violence against the demonstrators.
This day has become known as Bloody Sunday and was a major turning point in the effort to gain public support for the civil rights movement.
It was the clearest demonstration up to that time of the dramatic potential of King and Bevel's nonviolence strategy.
On March 5, King met with officials in the Johnson Administration in order to request an injunction against any prosecution of the demonstrators.
Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Smithsonian Channel - MLK's Last Speech The History Learning Site - Biography of Martin Luther King HistoryNet - Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Spartacus Educational - Biography of Martin Luther King New Georgia Encyclopedia - History and Archaeology - Biography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Stanford University - The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Archives - Findings on MLK Assassination Nobelprize. Westminster Abbey - Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Encyclopedia of Alabama - Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr. United States History - Biography of Martin Luther King, Jr.Martin Luther King, Jr. was a social activist and Baptist minister who played a key role in the American civil rights movement from the mids until his assassination in King sought. quotes from Martin Luther King Jr.: 'Darkness cannot drive out darkness: only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate: only love can do that.', 'I have decided to stick to love Hate is too great a burden to bear.', and 'Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.'. Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and civil-rights activist who had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States, beginning in the mids. Among his many efforts, King. A much-circulated Facebook post displays a photograph of civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in a hospital bed, with the claim that the picture was taken after he was shot. According to. Best known for: Campaigning for the rights of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement of the s and s. 1) Martin Luther King Jr was born in the United States of America to African American parents. At birth he was named Michael King, but his father later changed his name to Martin Luther King Jr.